Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice

A. Pengertian.

Passive Voice dalam bahasa Indonesia dikenal dengan istilah kalimat pasif (kebalikan dari kalimat aktif). Dalam hal ini subjek dalam kalimat passive voice dikenai atau menderita atas sebuah pekerjaan. Dalam bahasa Indonesia kalimat pasif biasanya diikuti prefix berupa di- atau ter-. Contohnya dipukul, dicintai, terlepas, terinjak.

B. Rumus Passive Voice.

Rumus Dasar Dari Passive Voice adalah:  TO BE + V3. Berikut ini adalah rumus passive voice dalam 16 rumus tenses. Kamu juga bisa mempelajari rumus passive voice tanpa menghafalkan rumusnya satu persatu di: Cara praktis memahami passive voice.

Tenses

Contoh Subject

To be/+Auxiliary

Verb 3

Tunggal

Jamak

Tunggal

Jamak

Simple Present

I

they

am

are

warned

Present perfect

he

we

has been

have been

told

Present Continuous

she

you

is being

are being

taught

Present perfect Continuous

it

these

has been being

have been being

arranged

Simple Past

I

they

was

were

warned

Past continuous

he

we

was being

were being

told

Past perfect

she

you

had been

*

taught

Past perfect
continuous

it

these

had been being

*

arranged

Simple Future

I

they

will be

*

warned

Future Continuous

he

we

was being

were being

told

Future perfect

she

you

will have been

*

taught

Future perfect
continuous

it

these

will have been being

*

arranged

Pastfuture

I

they

would be

*

warned

Past future Continuous

he

we

would be being

*

told

Past future perfect

she

you

would have been

*

taught

Past future perfect continuous

it

these

would have been being

*

arranged

*) bentuk tunggal dan jamak sama.

C. Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice.

Active Voice

 

Passive Voice

Andy has washed his car just now

Andy’s car has been washed just now by him self

My mother is cooking fried chicken

The fried chicken is being cooked by my mother

I purchased this house yesterday

This house was purchased by me yesterday

Miss. Janet teaches us everyday

We are taught by Miss. Janet everyday

Tyson knocked down Chris John easily

Chris John is knocked down by Tyson easily

I will always love you

You will be always loved by me

You may pay the bill by credit card

The bill may be paid by credit card

Jika diperhatikan contoh terakhir, maka tidak hanya auxiliary (kata kerja bantu) yang ada dalam rumus tenses saja yang bisa digunakan dalam kalimat pasif, melainkan auxiliary lainnya seperti may, can, could juga bisa digunakan untuk membuat kalimat pasif.

D. Latihan Soal.

Soal Latihan Passive Voice

Question 1
I reached the top of Rinjani mountain in three days last month.
A
the top of Rinjani mountain is reached by me in three days last month.
B
the top of Rinjani mountain was reached by me in three days last month.
Question 2
I am driving my car to Los Angles.
A
my car is being driven to Los Angles by me.
B
my car is being driven by Los Angles.
Question 3
Will you marry me?
A
Will you been married by me?
B
Will you be married by me?
Question 4
The winner will get USD 200,000
A
USD 200,000 will be gotten by the winner
B
USD 200,000 will get by the winner
Question 5
I have forgiven you before you apologize.
A
You have been forgiven by me before you apologize
B
I have been forgiven by you before you apologize
There are 5 questions to complete.
List
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