Pengertian dan Rumus Passive Voice Pada 16 Tenses

A. Pengertian.

Passive Voice dalam bahasa Indonesaia dikenal dengan istilah kalimat pasif. Contohnya dipukul, dicintai, terlepas, terinjak dst.

B. Rumus Passive Voice.

Rumus Dasar Dari Passive Voice adalah:
TO BE + V3

  1. Simple Present Tense
    Aktif : S + do/does + not + V1
    Pasif : S + to be (am, are, is) + not + V3 + by + O
    Contoh:

    • Aktif : She doesn’t write the book > Pasif : The book isn’t written by her.
    • Aktif : I don’t wash the car > Pasif : The car isn’t washed by me
  2. Present Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + to be (am, are, is) +  not + V1-ing
    Pasif : S + to be (am, are, is) + not + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She isn’t reading the book > Pasif : The book isn’t being read by her
  3. Present Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + have/has + not + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + have/has + not + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She hasn’t written the book > Pasif : The book hasn’t been written by her
      Aktif : I haven’t written the book > Pasif : The book hasn’t been written by me
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + have/has + not + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + have/has + not + been + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She hasn’t been reading the book > Pasif : The book hasn’t been being read by her
    • Aktif : I haven’t been washing the car > Pasif : The car hasn’t been being washed by me
  5. Simple Past Tense
    Aktif : S + did + not + V1
    Pasif : S + to be (was, were) + not + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She didn’t write a letter > Pasif : A letter wasn’t written by her
  6. Past Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + to be (was, were) + not + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + to be (was, were) + not + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wasn’t washing the car > Pasif : The car wasn’t being washed by her
  7. Past Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + had + not + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + had + not + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She hadn’t washed the car > Pasif : The car hadn’t been washed by her.
  8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + had + not + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + had + not + been + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh:

    • Aktif : She hadn’t been washing the car > Pasif : The car hadn’t been being washed  by her
  9. Simple Future Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + V1 + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + be + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’t wash the car> Pasif : The car won’t be washed by her
  10. Future Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + be + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + be + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’tl be washing the car > Pasif : The car won’t be being washed by her
  11. Future Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + have + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + have + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’t have washed the car > Pasif : The car won’t have been washed by her
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + have + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + have + been + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’t have been washing the car > Pasif : The car won’t have been being washed by her
  13. Simple Future Past Tense
    Aktif : S + would +not +  V1
    Pasif : S + would + not + be + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t wash the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t be washed by her
  14. Future Past Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + would + not + be + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + would + not + be + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t be washing the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t be being washed by her
  15. Future Past Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + would + not + have + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + would + not + have + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t have washed the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t have been washed by her
  16. Future Past Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + would + not + have + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + would + not + have + been +being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t have been washing the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t have been being washed by her

Latihan Soal.

Soal Past Future Perfect Continuous

Congratulations - you have completed Soal Past Future Perfect Continuous. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
She said to me that she would ... making a line when the last bus come yesterday.
A
have been
B
has been
Question 1 Explanation: 
Sekalipun subjek kalimatnya adalah orang ketiga tunggal, tapi karena have/has jatuh setelah auxiliary verb (would), maka ia tetap harus dalam bentuk have.
Question 2
If I ... much money, I would have been traveling around the zoo.
A
had had
B
had
Question 2 Explanation: 
Pasangan past future perfect continuous untuk pembentukan conditional sentence type 3 adalah past perfect.
Question 3
I would have been working at that company ... by the end of last year.
A
until now
B
for 5 years
Question 3 Explanation: 
Waktu dalam kalimat adalah past tense, sehingga tidak cocok jika menggunakan until now yang artinya hingga sekarang.
Question 4
If she had not taken everything I had, I ...
A
would not have hated him so much
B
would not have been hating him so much
Question 4 Explanation: 
Karena membenci (hate) merupakan stative verb (tidak cocok dibentuk continuous), maka meskipun sama-sama dapat digunakan sebagai pendamping past perfect untuk membuat conditional sentence type 3, namun yang tepat adalah menggunakan past future perfect.
Question 5
She said to me that she would have ... forex for a year by the end of last month.
A
been a
B
been trading
Question 5 Explanation: 
Yang tepat adalah trading forex (verbal), karena tidak logis jika seseorang menjadi forex.
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